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Two students die as university is besieged in latest round of government repression

A one-year-old boy was among at least seven dead in Nicaragua amid a fresh wave of violence and repression by the government of the president, Daniel Ortega.

The attacks began on Friday evening, hours after an Inter-American Commission on Human Rights report said the Nicaraguan government had violated human rights during protests that started in mid-April and have claimed more than 215 lives.

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Opposition leader says there was ‘nothing in that speech which caused me any offence’

Bill Shorten has played down suggestions of tension with Anthony Albanese over a speech in which he laid out his Labor manifesto with a greater emphasis on aspiration, growth and cooperation with business.

On Sunday Shorten said there was “nothing in that speech which caused me any offence at all” when asked about Albanese’s Gough Whitlam address delivered on Friday.

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In three weeks, Bernadette Romulo will be sent back to the Philippines while her son, 8, remains in Australia

Bernadette Romulo still wakes her son Giro early, because that’s what they’ve always done. She drives the children to school. At night they pray.

Romulo knows that, in three weeks, the daily routine will come to an end. Recently, she lost an appeal against an Australian government decision to deport her. Soon she will be sent back to the Philippines and Giro, 8, must stay behind in Brisbane. Until then, the routine is everything: full of small moments to savour, a distraction. Just another day.

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Prime minister says she and partner Clarke Gayford struggled for months to decide on a name

New Zealand prime minister Jacinda Ardern and her partner Clarke Gayford have announced the name of their newborn daughter: Neve Te Aroha Ardern-Gayford.

Neve, derived from the the Irish name Niamh, means “bright” or “radiant” and Te Aroha means “love” in te reo Māori.

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Tributes pour in from rock and heavy metal groups including Kiss and Guns N’ Roses

Vinnie Paul, the drummer and co-founder of heavy metal band Pantera, has died, the group announced in a statement on Facebook.

The Texas-born musician died aged 54 on Friday evening, but no cause of death has been given yet.

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Argentina’s president once talked of forcing slums out of the city – now he wants to deliver residents the deeds to their land. But will it help?

“It was really bad in there – I mean, it’s literally a ruin,” says Romina Vargas of Argentina’s most famous abandoned building, where she once lived. “There was lots of contaminated water on the lower floors, there were no sewers, and kids would come and take drugs inside. It’s good that it’s coming down.”

Built in the 1930s and later championed by president Juan Domingo Perón, the 14-storey building in south-west Buenos Aires was intended to be the largest hospital in Latin America; a cornerstone of Perón’s grand populist vision for Argentina. But construction stopped abruptly in 1955 with a military coup. The abandoned colossus at the edge of the capital became known as the White Elephant.

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Donald Trump sought in a speech in Nevada on Saturday to shift blame for the separation of immigrant children and their parents – and the pictures and recordings of ensuing distress that dominated world media this week – to his predecessors, George W Bush and Barack Obama.

As he did so, Democratic members of Congress demanded answers about how such children would be reunited with their mothers and fathers.

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Study finds fragile marine ecosystems cannot grow fast enough to keep pace with sea levels

Scientists have uncovered a new threat to the world’s endangered coral reefs. They have found that most are incapable of growing quickly enough to compensate for rising sea levels triggered by global warming.

The study suggests that reefs – which are already suffering serious degradation because the world’s seas are warming and becoming more acidic – could also become overwhelmed by rising oceans.

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The president has acted abominably. Now Europe has a duty to do better in its treatment of migrants

The really shocking thing about the spectacle of distraught children being forcibly separated from their parents at the US-Mexico border is not the sheer inhumanity of this practice. That is beyond question. Nor is it the mind-numbing idiocy of a shambolic policy that shames the US government and its agents and, as the UN suggests, is in probable breach of international human rights law. No, the really shocking thing is Donald Trump’s evident inability to understand what the fuss is about. Has ever a US president displayed such a total lack of empathy, such a deficit of common human decency?

The Observer is the world's oldest Sunday newspaper, founded in 1791. It is published by Guardian News & Media and is editorially independent.

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Environmentalists fear loss of dunes wildlife and warn of ‘flimsy promises’ about jobs

On a stretch of Scotland’s north-east coast, two historic acts of Highland pillage, separated by ages, are linked across golden sands. The village of Embo in Sutherland lies in the shadow of the grander cathedral town of Dornoch but its beach is known globally for the unique ecosystem its dunes support.

Now, a planning decision by Highland council has left many of the 1,200 animal and insect species to be found in this corner of Scotland facing an uncertain future. High on Ben Bhraggrie overlooking this place stands the 200ft statue of George Granville Leveson-Gower, the first Duke of Sutherland and the most ruthless perpetrator of the Highland clearances which harrowed this place two centuries ago. Some now fear another harrowing is imminent.

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The Green party’s MP, along with Lib Dem leader Vince Cable and Labour’s David Lammy spoke at rally to remain in EU

Caroline Lucas, Vince Cable and David Lammy were among speakers that have argued the case for Britain to remain in the EU at a rally in London, after an estimated 100,000 people marched to Parliament Square calling for a “People’s Vote” on the final Brexit deal.

Lucas, the Green party’s only MP, said that a new political consensus needed to be built around the campaign to remain in the European Union.

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The majority of migrants from a trio of countries are fleeing grinding poverty or the rampant gang and drug-related violence

“There are those who migrate to El Norte because of poverty. There are those who migrate to reunite with family members. And there are those … who don’t migrate. They flee,” wrote Salvadoran journalist Óscar Martínez in his 2010 book about the perilous pilgrimage that thousands of Central Americans make to the United States each year.

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Since the days of the Truman administration, American officials have planned how to keep the government functioning during a nuclear Armageddon. Though details of the country’s post-doomsday planning are classified, evidence of their decades-long efforts – some abandoned, some active – are hidden in plain sight around Washington DC and beyond

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Abiy Ahmed commented on Addis Ababa blast that left 83 people injured, saying ‘killing others is a defeat’

Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s new prime minister, has vowed to continue his radical programme of reforms after dozens were injured by an explosion at a rally in his support in Addis Ababa on Saturday.

The 41-year-old ex-soldier, who took office in April, had just finished speaking when what is thought to be a grenade was thrown at the stage in the capital’s Meskel Square.

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EU supporters, calling on the government to give Britons a vote on the final Brexit deal, march through London

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As a report highlights the ruinous impact of denying abortion, two medics offer opposing views on the role of personal belief

A rise in the number of healthcare providers who refuse to provide abortion services based on their personal beliefs is having a devastating impact on women and girls around the world, a new study has claimed.

Over the past two decades, at least 30 countries – including, most recently, Ireland, Chile and Argentina – have taken steps to improve access to abortion through legislative changes.

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Emmerson Mnangagwa has escaped an apparent assassination attempt during an election campaign rally in the southern city of Bulawayo. The incident came hours after a blast struck a large rally by supporters of Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, in Addis Ababa, wounding dozens of people

Zimbabwe president survives apparent assassination attempt

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Children arriving in the US from Central America have long faced the prospect of family separation and navigated a complex legal immigration system that can take months or years to render a decision due to a massive backlog of cases. The government separated more than 2,300 children from their parents in recent weeks in a policy that has stoked widespread outrage among both Democrats and Republicans

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Police say a Chinese manager appears to be the mastermind behind an illegal “rent a womb” operation at two Phnom Penh apartments

Thirty-three pregnant Cambodian women who were carrying babies on behalf of Chinese clients have been discovered during a raid on an illegal commercial surrogacy operation, police said on Saturday.

Police arrested the group of pregnant surrogates and five alleged ringleaders in the Phnom Penh raid two days ago in the latest police crackdown on illegal child surrogacy.

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In Nigeria, women’s hairstyles can carry a number of different meanings and messages. These plaits and elaborate structures take anywhere between 30 minutes and five hours to create and can mark special occasions such as weddings and birthdays, denote a particular family or region or respond to political and artistic movements of the day. The acclaimed Nigerian photographer JD ’Okhai Ojeikere spent 40 years immortalising nearly 1,000 of these hairstyles, until his death in 2014. “Apart from being fascinated by their beauty and the artistic nature of each hairstyle, he documented them for posterity,” says his son, photographer Amaize Ojeikere. There is a danger, he adds, that these skills will be lost. “Particularly now the younger generation think it is ‘old-school’. That is one of the reasons the images were taken: to showcase the beauty of our people.”

Structures of Identity will be at the Foam photography museum in Amsterdam from 29 June to 29 August.

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